In November 2012, voters passed Proposition 35 (the CASE Act) with over 81% approval, making it the most popular initiative in California history and the first initiative to receive over 10 million votes. See the election results by county.

Human trafficking is said to be one of the fastest growing criminal enterprises in the world – and it is taking place right here in our own backyard. Contrary to popular belief, 72% of trafficked persons in California identified the United States as their country of origin, with the remainder coming from foreign countries, according to the California Attorney General’s Office 2012 report.

The victims are often girls who were sold by human traffickers starting at the average age of 12-14 years old.  They are afraid for their lives and abused – sexually, physically, and mentally. Three cities in California – San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego – are recognized by the FBI as high intensity child sex trafficking areas.
Prop 35 (Californians Against Sexual Exploitation (CASE) Act) made critical enhancements to our state laws to combat human trafficking and exploitation:

  1. Higher prison terms for human traffickers, to hold these criminals accountable.
  2. Require convicted human traffickers to register as sex offenders, to prevent future crimes.
  3. Require all registered sex offenders to disclose their internet accounts, to stop predators online.*
  4. Increase fines from convicted human traffickers and use these funds to pay for victims’ services, so survivors can repair their lives.
  5. Mandate human trafficking training for law enforcement.
  6. Protect victims in court proceedings.
  7. Remove the need to prove force to prosecute child sex traffickers.

Read the Prop 35 initiative language.


All provisions of Prop 35 are in effect except for the requirement for sex offenders to register their online accounts. We are appealing the US District Court’s temporary injunction on this. We believe that sex offenders who have a history of violating the rights and dignity of other people should not have complete anonymity online or offline.

Prop 35 is already being used to prosecute human traffickers in California! Click here for updates on the implementation of Prop 35 and our defense of it against sex offenders.


Prop 35 was sponsored by California Against Slavery and the Safer California Foundation. We want to thank our long list of endorsers and supporters including organizations representing over 90,000 rank and file California Peace Officers, advocates for the protection of children, including Marc Klaas and the KlaasKids Foundation, and survivors of human trafficking.

About California Against Slavery:

California Against Slavery (CAS) is a non-partisan, grassroots human rights organization dedicated to ending human trafficking, starting where we live. Our mission is to defend the freedom of every child, woman and man by empowering the people of California to fulfill our obligation to stop human trafficking.  To learn more about CAS, visit www.CaliforniaAgainstSlavery.org


About Safer California Foundation:

The Safer California Foundation is dedicated to supporting efforts to protect Californians from all forms of criminal exploitation.  Created by Chris Kelly, former Facebook Chief Privacy Officer and a Silicon Valley attorney and philanthropist, the Safer California Foundation looks forward to the day when every neighborhood in California is as safe as our most secure neighborhoods today.

And a big thanks to PORAC for their generous support!